Accident de la mer
Un accident de la mer :
Yes, It’s Real. Here’s How it Happened
What re-enacting the unlikeliest accident on Chesapeake Bay tells us about boating safety.
The first thing everyone wanted to know is if the photo was real.
It seemed too perfect not to be staged: A charter fishing boat just sitting atop a sailboat as if placed there by a giant toddler. Only this was no bubble bath. It was the Chesapeake Bay near Annapolis, Maryland and the photo was very real. A firefighter snapped it from the deck of the Ann Arundel County fireboat on what may have been the strangest call of his career: a 34-foot deadrise boat, Hunter teetering on top of Levitation, a 35-foot J/105 sailboat.
When this image went viral in the hours after the accident, boaters of all stripes wanted to know if it was real, and then how it could have happened.Maryland Natural Resources Police
A person on the sailboat is talking on the phone, casual as can be. A guy on the charter boat is leaning against a stanchion, as if waiting for a bus. The effect is both terrifying and a little bit funny, and as soon as folks realized nobody had been seriously hurt, they started sharing like crazy on social media. The photo went viral, sparking worldwide news coverage and heated debates on online sailing and powerboating forums.
Nobody could say for sure how it happened, but that didn’t stop people from speculating. Even when the only information about the accident was that picture, everybody seemed to have an opinion about who was to blame—and those opinions varied a great deal depending on whether they came from sailors or powerboaters.
One sailor opened a new account on a popular power boating forum just so he could heckle the motor boaters there. Didn’t they know the sailboats always have right of way? (It’s not quite that simple, as we’ll soon see.) Some power boaters contended the charter boat had priority because he was fishing. (He wasn’t, but the point is moot. That privilege only applies to commercial fishing vessels dragging big nets or longlines.)
John Martino says all that finger pointing misses the point. The founder of the Annapolis School of Seamanship was teaching a course on the Rules of the Road when the accident happened a few minutes before noon on August 17, 2018. Before the class was over, a half-dozen people had texted the image to him.
“When I first saw that picture, my first thought is that neither captain saw the other boat,” Martino says. If either captain had seen the other boat and followed the Rules of the Road the accident should never have happened, Martino said when I asked him to analyze the accident for Lessons For Life, a safe boating campaign administered by the U.S. Coast Guard. Martino is a master mariner with deep experience in both power and sail, and he knows the Chesapeake as well as anyone. Still, the more we talked about the accident, the less sense it made.
Damage to Levitation is visible on her starboard side as she’s towed from the accident scene. The sailboat was heeled to starboard when Hunter struck her, likely reducing the severity of the impact.Maryland Natural Resources Police
Seven people were on the charter boat. How could all of them, including a licensed captain, fail to see a 35-foot sailboat with a 50-foot mast, in broad daylight? And if the sailor saw the motorboat coming for several minutes, why didn’t he steer out of the way when he realized the other boater didn’t see him?
To answer those questions, Martino agreed to re-create the moments leading up to the collision, reproducing the sightlines from both boats. He obtained the Coast Guard’s accident report, which included the GPS tracks from both vessels. Then he pulled together a dream team of experienced captains to reenact the moments leading up to the collision, using a deadrise boat similar to the one involved in the accident and a J/105 sailboat identical to the one it T-boned.
Conditions for the reenactment were almost identical to the day of the accident: Clear and bright with light winds. Capt. Matt Benhoff, an instructor at the Annapolis School of Seamanship, was in the deadrise. John Stefancik, a lifelong boater and publisher of Chesapeake Bay Magazine, was on the sailboat with Capt. Karl Richter, also of the Annapolis School. Torrey Pocock and his Riggo Productions crew filmed from both boats and a drone. The result was some very dramatic video, and important insights into the Rules of the Road, the maritime traffic rules designed to avoid collisions at sea.
Before the reenactment, Martino and his team thought the view from one or both of the vessels would be obstructed. Deadrise boats have a tendency to squat down in the stern, and it’s sometimes difficult to see over the bow. And a sailing vessel’s sails can sometimes block the helmsman’s view. At the time of the accident, Levitation’s jib was on the starboard side—the same direction from which Hunter was approaching.
In the very first pass of the reenactment, however, it became obvious that neither captain’s view had been blocked. Stefancik could easily see around the J/105’s sails, and Benhoff’s view of the sailboat was unnervingly clear. In fact, the hardest part of the whole exercise was fighting the urge to swerve away, he says.
As the distance to the sailboat kept decreasing, its position as seen from the motorboat didn’t change. It was a textbook example of “constant bearing, decreasing range,” which is how mariners are taught to know they’re on a collision course. Just watching the reenactment video is a little uncomfortable for any experienced boater. For Benhoff, it was excruciating.
“All of my training and experience is telling me to turn,” he says. “It felt really unnatural.”
After the accident, people speculated online that the charter captain had been running on autopilot or steering from the deadrise’s aft helm. According to the Coast Guard investigation, that was not the case. He also tested clean for alcohol and drugs.
In the very first pass of the reenactment, it became obvious that neither captain’s view had been obstructed. Stefancik could easily see around the J/105’s sails, and Benhoff’s view of the sailboat was unnervingly clear.
The reenactment suggests a simpler conclusion: The charter captain simply didn’t notice the sailboat in front of him. “It just screams Rule Five, which is lookout,” Martino says. “It’s one sentence long, but it says a ton. It says we're supposed to look out by sight and hearing and all available means at all times.”
If you’re looking for one root cause of the accident, that’s it. But if you want to understand how both captains failed to avoid the collision, you need to go a little deeper.
Remember the sailor claiming he had “right of way?” That’s not quite accurate. In this scenario, as in most other crossing situations involving a vessel under power and another under sail, the sailboat is the stand on vessel. Its job is to maintain course and speed, or “stand on” as Popeye would say. That’s not a right, though. It’s a responsibility. And as Martino explains, that responsibility evolves with the situation.
“Rule Five is one sentence long, but it says a ton. It says we’re supposed to look out by sight and hearing and all available means at all times.”
- Capt. John Martiono, Annapolis School of Seamanship
The motorboat is the give way vessel. Its job is to avoid the sailboat, by making an obvious course change that makes its intentions clear. That’s important, because if the powerboat doesn’t take action to avoid a collision, the sailboat’s options and responsibilities change.
“The rule is very interesting, because when it becomes apparent that the give way vessel is not taking appropriate action, the stand on vessel may take action to avoid a collision. You're released from your obligation to maintain course and speed,” Martino says. Based on the reenactment, this would have been the best time for Levitation to alter course and avoid the motorboat.
Sailboat with powerboat crashed into it
The 34-foot charter boat Hunter was brand new on the day of the accident. It was repaired and put back in service, but the J/105 Levitation was a total loss.Maryland Natural Resources Police
“In the final stage the stand on vessel is directed that it shall take action when action by the give way vessel alone is not going to be sufficient to avoid a collision,” Martino says. By that time, though, it might not be so easy to get out of the way. Stefancik, who was in the J/105 during the reenactment, estimates he could easily have tacked or jibed out of the motorboat’s path until about 20 seconds before impact. After that, he was out of good options.
Re-enacting one of the Chesapeake Bay’s unlikeliest collisions led to a few surprises, but mostly it confirms what we already know about safe boating. Keep a good lookout. Know and follow the Rules of the Road. But more simply, don’t forget about courtesy and common sense.
“You just have to keep your head on a swivel, and then make decisions and take action to avoid a collision,” Martino says. “In fact, that’s even one of the rules.”
A noter que le garagiste venait de tribord et que le skipper du J/105 téléphonait à la barre.
Récit intéressant, et édifiant, merci pour le partage...la photo avait fait le buzz à l'époque, beaucoup croyaient que c'était un montage.
Tout ça a dû arriver très vite...morale de l'histoire, règles de priorité ou non, on sauve sa peau(et celle de son bateau) tout d'abord.
Le fait que le bateau gîtait du côté de l'abordage a également permis de limiter les dégâts, et heureusement, le choc a eu lieu en plein milieu du voilier...
et que le skipper du J/105 téléphonait à la barre
Je ne sais pas d'où tu tiens cette information, mais elle n'est pas dans l'article que tu cites.
"A person on the sailboat is talking on the phone, casual as can be.".
Mais c'est sur la photo, pas au moment de la collision. Sans doute en contact avec son assureur... 😬.
En tout cas, beaucoup de bla-bla pour rien dire, dans cet article... 🙄
Oui, d'où ma remarque. Sous-entendre que le skipper barrait en étant au téléphone est de la désinformation.
Le journaliste trouve la photo d'après accident surréalistement amusante avec un bateau sur l'autre avec d'un coté un type qui téléphone aussi relax que possible et de l'autre un gars appuyé à la rambarde comme s'il était en train d'attendre un bus.
Quant au contenu de l'article, je te rejoints à 100%.
Style journalistique nullissime mais on retrouve l info utile dans ce fatras
Mort alitée, le voilier "Levitation" aurait dû utiliser ses Super-Pouvoirs pour décoller au bon moment et laisser le power-boat (dont le nom indiquait clairement qu'il était en pleine action de chasse) passer dessous !
Lorsque l'on donne un nom pareil à son voilier, il faut lire le mode d'emploi; ne lévite pas si facilement qui en rêve...
La morale de cette morale (la rirette,la rirette...) faites très attention au choix du nom de votre embarcation ...
Bateau moteur à les torts mais pas tous car le voilier n exerçait pas de veille et n a pris aucune initiative
Pas de blessé, temps parfait, bateau tribord amure et bateau moteur venant aussi de tribord.
Il serait intéressant de connaître la clé de répartition de l assurance
Voilier/bateau moteur, que viennent faire les notions "tribord amure, vient de tribord"???
Pour vérifier si les voiles auraient pu empêcher le voilier de voir le bateau à moteur, non dans ce cas, donc pas de veille ni sur l un ni sur l autre
Je me suis trouvé dans une situation comptable au près vent plutôt faible.
Une petite vedette arrive sur nous en descendant le vent à grande vitesse.
Quand on se rencontre que ça devient chaud ...
Virer ? On se la prend de face abattre, pas mieux, j'ai démarré le moteur mais c'est finalement ma fille qui l'a fait dévier avec la corne de brume.
Mais si l'aborder ne bouge pas on ne peut pas faire grand chose.
Mais comment pouvait-il ne pas nous voir ? Un hors bord rapide sans superstructures ?
A signaler aussi qu ils ont fait une reconstitution pour bien comprendre la situation, avec des bateaux identiques, météo identique etc